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NEUROFEEDBACK- EEG Brainwave training











What is EEG Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a computerized form of biofeedback that can facilitate changes in brain wave patterns and regional cerebral blood flow activation that allows the user to gain control of his or her brain waves simply by being able to see on a computer screen what their brain waves are doing.

Neurofeedback is direct training of brain function, by which the brain learns to function more efficiently. We observe the brain in action from moment to moment. We show that information back to the person and the brain is rewarded for changing its own activity to more appropriate patterns. This is a gradual learning process. It applies to any aspect of brain function that is measured.

Neurofeedback trainees do not receive input in the form of electrical impulses or subliminal messages. Trainees receive  feedback or ouput signals that relate to their own subconscious neuronal activities. Thus neurofeedback is a self-regulation skill that inspires growth through self-awareness.

Trainees are informed via auditory or graphic signals each time the brain is operating more efficiently.

More important trainees learn to access that improved state of mind for future use outside the training arena.

A person coming in with migraines may no longer have them. (However, that person may still have a greater "vulnerability" to migraines than the average person on the street.) A person with epilepsy may no longer have seizures. (Although that person still retains a vulnerability to seizures.) A child with severe rages and temper tantrums may not express them again.

The electroencephalograph (EEG) is an instrument that detects and amplifies the electrical activity in the brain.

Actual numerical and graphic changes in the electroencephalogram (EEG) can be observed.

A quantitive EEG Assessment is done by the NeuroHealth centre whereby the training protocol and further sessions is determined.


EEG  Neurofeedback treating mental disorders as an addition or alternative to conventional psychotherapeutic, psychiatric, psychological principles and  accompanying pharmaceutical medicine:

"The health and well-being of our civilization, it could be argued, lies on the health and well-being of our central nervous system and its offspring, the mind.

Medication alters the electrochemical activities in the brain. In some cases there is a high level of treatment resistance, residual symptoms and or problematic side effects  i.e mood disorders.

Talk therapy may result in real changes in the metabolic activity of the brain over an extended period of time, but not all conditions will improve with talk therapy. Direct changes in the metabolic activity of the brain can be achieved through medication. Those changes are not permanent, and side effects are common.

Brain-based therapies are increasingly used as an additional or in some cases an alternative intervention  to pharmaceutical and psychological  intervention.

The neurotherapist at the NeuroHealth Centre coordinates care with Healthcare professionals to obtain optimum symptom relief.

EEG Neurofeedback brainwave training was demonstrated by scientists that different styles of attention correspond to particular brainwave frequencies.

Brainwave are the electrical representation of brain activity.  Each cell's electrical activity is summed up, moment by moment, to create composite electrical rhythms that are called brain waves, which can be measured through the scalp and skull.'

The brain is the master control panel for our mind and body, when we change its electrical patterns we initiate system wide effects, including changes in muscle tension, respiratory rate, and the flow of neurotransmitters and hormones.

Neurotherapy is a metabolic tracking and changing tool that is orchestrated by the therapist and played out by the client. For the first time, a client statement such as "I am feeling calmer" can be measured and quantified on the cerebral level.

Neurofeedback strengthens neural pathways while increasing mental endurance and flexibility.


Assessing Efficacy

A joint "Efficacy Task Force" of the Association for Applied Pscychophysiology and Biofeedback  and the Society for Neuronal Regulation developed standards for efficacy research methodology and a template for rating the level of efficacy of each application.

Two articles about this important endeavour were published in 2002. The articles appeared in both Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback and in the Journal of Neurotherapy. They are entitled "Task Force Report on Methodology and Empirically Supported Treatments:  Introduction" and "Template for Developing Guidelines for the Evaluation of the clinical Efficacy of Psychophysiological Interventions.

Other research links:

www.isnr.org

www.eeginfo.com

www.psychcentral.com


How  Is Neurotherapy Performed?

Brainwave activity is measured with an electroencephalograph (EEG). The EEG Biofeedback equipment is connected to the individual with sensors that are placed on the scalp and ears. The sensors are safe, do not prick the skin, and are painless. After adequate connection to the scalp and ears are made, the individual's brainwave activity can be observed on a computer monitor.  

Neurotherapy practitioners who administer Neurofeedback will help the client learn to change his or her brainwave activity. The client does not need to know a lot about Neurotherapy or biofeedback to be effectively trained. Clients are taught to play computerized games using their brainwave activity. Changes in client brainwave activity are fed back to the individual through visual and/or auditory information by the computer. One example is a game where clients move a figure through a maze. The figure does not move because of the client's motor activity (e.g., pushing a button or moving a stick). Instead, the figure moves whenever the client produces specific brainwave patterns. When desired levels of brainwave activity occur, the individual is reinforced, because the figure moves through the maze. By this method, clients learn to change brainwave activity. Clients also practice maintaining learned brainwave states when engaged in school or work related tasks (e.g. reading, writing). This will help them use what they learned from neurofeedback in their daily activities.